Asked by: Bintu Cabrerosscience genetics
What structures do bacteria have and describe their function?
Last Updated: 15th May, 2022
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Furthermore, what are the parts of a bacterial cell and their functions?
Table 2. Summary of characteristics of typical bacterialcellstructures
|Structure Flagella||Function(s) Swimming movement|
|Ribosomes||Sites of translation (protein synthesis)|
|Inclusions||Often reserves of nutrients; additionalspecializedfunctions|
|Chromosome||Genetic material of cell|
|Plasmid||Extrachromosomal genetic material|
Likewise, what structures are found in bacterial cells? It is a gel-like matrix composed of water,enzymes,nutrients, wastes, and gases and contains cellstructuressuch as ribosomes, a chromosome, and plasmids. Thecellenvelope encases the cytoplasm and all its components.Unlike theeukaryotic (true) cells, bacteria do nothave amembrane enclosed nucleus.
Moreover, what is bacteria and its structure?
Structure. Bacteria(singular:bacterium) are classified as prokaryotes, whicharesingle-celled organisms with a simple internalstructurethat lacks a nucleus, and contains DNA that eitherfloats freely ina twisted, thread-like mass called thenucleoid, or inseparate, circular pieces calledplasmids.
What are the functions of bacteria?
Bacteria in the digestive system breakdownnutrients, such as complex sugars, into forms the body canuse.Non-hazardous bacteria also help prevent diseasesbyoccupying places that the pathogenic, ordisease-causing,bacteria want to attach to. Somebacteria protect usfrom disease by attacking thepathogens.